Lipid Classification System

The LIPID MAPS Lipid Classification System is comprised of eight lipid categories, each with its own sublassification hierarchy. All lipids in the LIPID MAPS Structure Database (LMSD) have been classified using this system and have been assigned LIPID MAPS ID's (LM_ID) which reflects their position in the classification hierarchy. LMSD can be searched by lipid class, common name, systematic name or synonym, mass, InChIKey or LIPID MAPS ID with the "Quick Search" tool on the home page, or alternatively, by LIPID MAPS ID, systematic or common name, mass, formula, category, main class, subclass data, or structure or sub-structure with one of the search interfaces in the LMSD database section. Each LMSD record contains an image of the molecular structure, common and systematic names, links to external databases, Wikipedia pages (where available), other annotations and links to structure viewing tools. In addition to LMSD search interfaces, you can drill down through the classification hierarchy below to the LMSD record for an individual lipid.

Classification Updates (updated on March 20th, 2017)
Lipid - wikipedia page

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Fatty Acyls [FA]

Fatty Acids and Conjugates [FA01]
Straight chain fatty acids [FA0101]
Branched fatty acids [FA0102]
Unsaturated fatty acids [FA0103]
Hydroperoxy fatty acids [FA0104]
Hydroxy fatty acids [FA0105]
Oxo fatty acids [FA0106]
Epoxy fatty acids [FA0107]
Methoxy fatty acids [FA0108]
Halogenated fatty acids [FA0109]
Amino fatty acids [FA0110]
Cyano fatty acids [FA0111]
Nitro fatty acids [FA0112]
Thia fatty acids [FA0113]
Carbocyclic fatty acids [FA0114]
Heterocyclic fatty acids [FA0115]
Mycolic acids [FA0116]
Dicarboxylic acids [FA0117]
Octadecanoids [FA02]
12-oxophytodienoic acid metabolites [FA0201]
Jasmonic acids [FA0202]
Phytoprostanes [FA0203]
Phytofurans [FA0204]
Octadeca-1,2-dioxolanes [FA0205]
Other Octadecanoids [FA0200]
Eicosanoids [FA03]
Prostaglandins [FA0301]
Leukotrienes [FA0302]
Thromboxanes [FA0303]
Lipoxins [FA0304]
Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosatrienoic acids [FA0305]
Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acids [FA0306]
Hydroxy/hydroperoxyeicosapentaenoic acids [FA0307]
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids [FA0308]
Hepoxilins [FA0309]
Levuglandins [FA0310]
Isoprostanes [FA0311]
Isofurans [FA0313]
Eicosa-1,2-dioxolanes [FA0315]
Resolvin Es [FA0314]
Clavulones [FA0312]
Other Eicosanoids [FA0300]
Docosanoids [FA04]
Neuroprostanes [FA0401]
Neurofurans [FA0402]
Docosa-1,2-dioxolanes [FA0406]
Resolvin Ds [FA0403]
Protectins [FA0404]
Maresins [FA0405]
Other Docosanoids [FA0400]
Fatty alcohols [FA05]
Fatty aldehydes [FA06]
Fatty esters [FA07]
Wax monoesters [FA0701]
Wax diesters [FA0702]
Cyano esters [FA0703]
Lactones [FA0704]
Fatty acyl CoAs [FA0705]
Fatty acyl ACPs [FA0706]
Fatty acyl carnitines [FA0707]
Fatty acyl adenylates [FA0708]
Fatty amides [FA08]
Primary amides [FA0801]
N-acyl amines [FA0802]
Fatty acyl homoserine lactones [FA0803]
N-acyl ethanolamines (endocannabinoids) [FA0804]
Fatty nitriles [FA09]
Fatty ethers [FA10]
Hydrocarbons [FA11]
Oxygenated hydrocarbons [FA12]
Fatty acyl glycosides [FA13]
Fatty acyl glycosides of mono- and disaccharides [FA1301]
Sophorolipids [FA1302]
Rhamnolipids [FA1303]
Other Fatty acyl glycosides [FA1300]
Other Fatty Acyls [FA00]

References

  • Fahy E, Subramaniam S, Murphy R, Nishijima M, Raetz C, Shimizu T, Spener F, van Meer G, Wakelam M and Dennis E.A.,Update of the LIPID MAPS comprehensive classification system for lipids. J. Lipid Res. (2009) 50: S9-S14.PubMed ID:19098281.
  • Fahy E, Subramaniam S, Brown H, Glass C, Merrill JA, Murphy R, Raetz C, Russell D, Seyama Y, Shaw W, Shimizu T, Spener F, van Meer G, Vannieuwenhze M, White S, Witztum J and Dennis E.A.,A comprehensive classification system for lipids. J. Lipid Res. (2005) 46: 839-861.PubMed ID:15722563.
logo LIPID MAPS® is funded by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.